Charles Dessalines D’ Orbigny was a French botanist and geologist who specialized in the Tertiary of France. Born on December 2, 1806, in Couëron, France, he was the younger brother of Alcide d’Orbigny, a renowned naturalist and explorer. Charles made significant contributions to the field of botany and geology, and his work at the National Museum of Natural History in Paris involved classifying many flowering plant species that were returned to France from his brother’s explorations in South America.

His cultural impact extended far beyond his homeland. His efforts in the field of paleontology contributed significantly to the advancement of knowledge about the Earth’s history and its inhabitants. His iconic work, the “Dictionnaire Universel d’Histoire Naturelle,” is considered one of the finest illustrated encyclopedias of natural history. This work, adorned with 288 hand-colored engravings, showcased an array of species with remarkable accuracy, reflecting his commitment to both scientific precision and artistic finesse. His legacy continues to inspire and educate, with his meticulous illustrations still being appreciated in homes and institutions around the world. Charles Dessalines D’ Orbigny passed away on February 14, 1876, in Paris, but his contributions to science and art continue to resonate today.