Vincent van Gogh (March 30, 1853 – July 29, 1890) was a Dutch post-impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. Born in Zundert, Netherlands, he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of which date from the last two years of his life. His works include portraits, self-portraits, landscapes, still lifes, olive trees, cypresses, wheat fields, and sunflowers. Van Gogh suffered from mental illness throughout his life and was virtually unknown and poor during his lifetime. However, his work was then posthumously celebrated in the 20th century.

In terms of cultural impact, Van Gogh’s art had a significant impact on the art world. His bold and expressive style influenced many artists of his time and subsequent movements, such as European Expressionism and Fauvism. His emotionally expressive artistic view and unique individual style, compared to his contemporaries at the time, not only influenced many Dutch painters who followed, especially those in the branches of expressionism, but also rapidly revolutionized the development of ‘‘art’’ as a whole. His unique approach to art, characterized by vivid color use, expressive forms, and deep emotional resonance, set him apart in his era. Van Gogh’s distinctively vibrant palette and individualistic style, though not widely recognized during his lifetime, have posthumously exerted a significant impact on major art movements like European Expressionism and Fauvism. Artists within these movements drew inspiration from van Gogh’s paintings and artistic techniques, underscoring his lasting impact on the evolution of modern art. His unique life has inspired millions to become active in art. In fact, what many people today consider to be the archetypical “artist persona” is largely a result of his influence. Perhaps the most impressive aspect is that artists continue to mimic the style that Van Gogh created over one hundred years ago.