Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, renowned for his mastery in painting, sculpture, engineering, anatomy, and numerous other fields. Born in Vinci, Italy, da Vinci's artistic brilliance is epitomized in works like the "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper," which showcase his innovative techniques, meticulous detail, and a deep understanding of human anatomy. Beyond his artistic achievements, Leonardo's notebooks reveal groundbreaking ideas and inventions, demonstrating his contributions to engineering, anatomy, and scientific inquiry. His cultural impact is immeasurable; he is often considered the archetype of the Renaissance man—someone whose intellectual curiosity, creativity, and versatility set a standard for generations of artists and thinkers. Leonardo da Vinci's enduring legacy transcends time, influencing disciplines ranging from art and science to philosophy and engineering.